A domain name is your online address. Just like in the physical world, you need an address that directs people to your business. Mostly, you give the name of the building, house number, and the street name. The same case replicates on the virtual arena. You must direct visitors to your site location through the web address. As you set off to register your domain, you need to have some information on the types of domain extensions you can associate with it. A domain name is incomplete without an ending. Here are the three main types you will come across and what they stand for:
Top-level domain names
The top-level domain is the part on the right side of the dot in a web address. It is also known as TLD. There are several types of top-level domains. This includes gTLDs (generic top-level domains), ccTLDs (country code top-level domains), and IDN ccTLDs (internationalized country code top-level domain). If you have come across address ending with .com, .us, .co.uk, .info, and so on, you can understand what the TLDs are all about. Hence, when you pick one of the said extensions, you get a top-level domain name.
At times, you may think of creating an address for each of your pages. Or else, you do not have the cash to pay for web hosting services. Hence you go for the free hosting providers. In any of the case, what you get is a subdomain name. The address carries the name of the main address as part of the domain. Good examples of this type of domains are .wordpress.com, .blogspot.com, .wix.com, .weebly.com and products.yourwebsite.com. In a simpler language, the subdomains are more of branches of the domain name.
One disadvantage of a subdomain is that if it is not part of your main website – like in case of the free website – it becomes hard to market your products without branding the domain owner.
Second level domain
Certainly, you have come across the word second level domain. The issue is you wonder what it means. Well, this term is applied to mean the left side of the dot. In a layperson language, it is the term used to refer to your domain name in the DNS hierarchy. Thus, a complete domain name consists of a top level and a second level domain.
With this information, it is clear on the several types of domain names available. Hence, no chances of confusion.
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